Wong, H.F., and Kuang, J.S. (2014). Predicting shear strength of RC interior beam–column joints by modified rotating-angle softened-truss model. Computers & Structures, 133 (Supplement C), 12-17.
 Hwang, S.-J., and Lee, H.-J. (1999). Analytical model for predicting shear strengths of exterior reinforced concrete beam-column joints for seismic resistance. Structural Journal, 96 (5), 846-858.
 Del Vecchio, C., Di Ludovico, M., Prota, A., and Manfredi, G. (2015). Analytical model and design approach for FRP strengthening of non-conforming RC corner beam–column joints. Engineering Structures, 87, 8-20.
 Sasmal, S., Vishnu, P., Devi, A.K., and Ramanjaneyulu, K. (2016). Computational methodology to determine the strength of reinforced concrete joint. Advances in Computational Design, 1 (1), 61-77.
 ACI 318-14. (2014). Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary. American Concrete Institute.
 ACI352R-02. (2010). Recommendations for Design of Beam-Column Connections in Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Structures. Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 352. American Concrete Institute.
 Mabhas 9. (2014). Design and implementation of reinforced concrete buildings. Office of national building regulation affairs.
 Park, S., and Mosalam, K.M. (2012). Parameters for shear strength prediction of exterior beam–column joints without transverse reinforcement. Engineering structures, 36, 198-209.
 Pauletta, M., Di Luca, D., and Russo, G. (2015). Exterior beam column joints – Shear strength model and design formula. Engineering Structures, 94 (Supplement C), 70-81.
 Vollum, R., and Newman, J. (1999). Strut and tie models for analysis/design of external beam-column joints. Magazine of Concrete Research, 51 (6), 415-426.
 Metelli, G., Messali, F., Beschi, C., and Riva, P. (2015). A model for beam–column corner joints of existing RC frame subjected to cyclic loading. Engineering Structures, 89, 79-92.
 Park, S., and Mosalam, K.M. (2009). Shear strength models of exterior beam-column joints without transverse reinforcement. PEER report No. 2009/106, 62-75.
 Kassem, W. (2015). Strut-and-tie modelling for the analysis and design of RC beam-column joints. Materials and Structures, 49 (8), 3459-3476.
 Alaee, P., and Li, B. (2017). High-strength concrete exterior beam-column joints with high-yield strength steel reinforcements. Engineering Structures, 145, 305-321.
 Liang, Q.Q., Xie, Y.M., and Steven, G.P. (2000). Topology optimization of strut-and-tie models in reinforced concrete structures using an evolutionary procedure. American Concrete Institute.
 Bendsoe, M.P., and Sigmund, O. (2003). Topology Optimization: Theory, Methods, and Applications.Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
 Kwak, H.-G., and Noh, S.-H. (2006). Determination of strut-and-tie models using evolutionary structural optimization. Engineering Structures, 28 (10), 1440-1449.
 Schlaich, J., and Schafer, K. (1991). Design and detailing of structural concrete using strut-and-tie models. Structural Engineer, 69 (6), 113-125.
 Bruggi, M. (2009). Generating strut-and-tie patterns for reinforced concrete structures using topology optimization. Computers & Structures, 87 (23-24), 1483-1495.
 Zuo, Z.H., and Xie, Y.M. (2015). A simple and compact Python code for complex 3D topology optimization. Advances in Engineering Software, 85, 1-11.
 Shobeiri, V., and Ahmadi-Nedushan, B. (2017). Bi-directional evolutionary structural optimization for strut-and-tie modelling of three-dimensional structural concrete. Engineering Optimization, 49 (12), 2055-2078.
 Du, Z., Zhang, W., Zhang, Y., Xue, R., and Guo, X. (2018). Structural topology optimization involving bi-modulus materials with asymmetric properties in tension and compression. Computational Mechanics, 1-29.
 Clyde, C., Pantelides, C.P., and Reaveley, L.D. (2000). Performance-based evaluation of exterior reinforced concrete building joints for seismic excitation. PEER Report No. 2000/05. Berkeley: Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center.
 Paulay, T., and Priestley, M.N. (1992). Seismic design of reinforced concrete and masonry buildings.A wiley interscience publication.
 El-Metwally, S., and Chen, W.-F. (2018). Structural Concrete: Strut-and-Tie Models for Unified Design.CRC Press.
 El-Amoury, T., and Ghobarah, A. (2002). Seismic rehabilitation of beam–column joint using GFRP sheets. Engineering Structures, 24 (11), 1397-1407.
 Wight, J.K., and MacGregor, J.G. (2016). Reinforced concrete: Mechanics and design.Pearson education.
 Wong, H.F., and Kuang, J.S. (2008). Effects of beam-column depth ratio on joint seismic behaviour. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Structures and Buildings, 161 (2), 91-101.
 Kim, J., and LaFave, J.M. (2007). Key influence parameters for the joint shear behaviour of reinforced concrete (RC) beam–column connections. Engineering Structures, 29 (10), 2523-2539.
 Sarsam, K., and Phipps, M. (1985). The shear design of in situ reinforced concrete beam–column joints subjected to monotonic loading. Magazine of Concrete Research, 37 (130), 16-28.
 Ghobarah, A., and Said, A. (2001). Seismic rehabilitation of beam-column joints using FRP laminates. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 5 (1), 113-129.
 Ghobarah, A., and Said, A. (2002). Shear strengthening of beam-column joints. Engineering structures, 24 (7), 881-888.
 Pantelides, C.P., Hansen, J., Nadauld, J., and Reaveley, L.D. (2002). Assessment of reinforced concrete building exterior joints with substandard details. PEER Report No.2002/18. Berkeley: Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center.
 El-Nabawy Atta, A., El-Din Fahmy Taher, S., Khalil, A.-H., and El-Din El-Metwally, S. (2003). Behaviour of reinforced high-strength concrete beam-column joint. Part 1: experimental investigation. Structural Concrete, 4 (4), 175-183.
 Antonopoulos, C.P., and Triantafillou, T.C. (2003). Experimental Investigation of FRP-Strengthened RC Beam-Column Joints. Journal of Composites for Construction, 7 (1), 39-49.
 Hwang, S.-J., Hung-Jen, L., Liao, T.-F., Kuo-Chou, W., and Tsai, H.-H. (2005). Role of hoops on shear strength of reinforced concrete beam-column joints. ACI Structural Journal, 102 (3), 445-453.
 De Risi, M., Ricci, P., and Verderame, G. (2015). Experimental assessment of RC exterior beam-column joints without transverse reinforcement. Earthquake Resistant Engineering Structures X, 152, 245-256.