مکان یابی بهینه بیمارستان با استفاده از رویکرد ترکیبی ANP و GIS در محیط فازی (مطالعه موردی: شهر اراک)

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک (گروه مهندسی ساخت و تولید)، دانشگاه صنعتی اراک، اراک، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

10.22065/jsce.2020.183168.1844

چکیده

کاربری های بهداشتی - درمانی از کاربری هایی هستند که در صورت مکان یابی نادرست، علاوه بر ضرورت های اقتصادی و مالی که به همراه دارد، ممکن است ضررهای جانی غیرقابل جبرانی را در پی داشته باشد. مکان جغرافیایی جزء اصلی دسترسی به خدمات پزشکی است. بنابراین اهمیت مکان یابی بهینه و مناسب این نوع کاربری دوچندان می شود. در مقاله حاضر تلفیقی از قابلیت های GIS و مدل ANP در محیط فازی به منظور مشخص کردن مکان های بهینه جهت استقرار بیمارستان در استان مرکزی، شهر اراک انجام شد. به این منظور، در ابتدا معیارهای موثر و مناسب جهت مکان یابی بیمارستان باتوجه به موقعیت و شرایط مکانی و جغرافیایی اراک، منابع بیمارستانی، کارشناسان و کتب و مقالات انتخاب و سپس در حالت فازی وزن دهی شدند و نتایج حاصله با روش GIS در حالت فازی توسط 5 عملگر فازیAND ،OR ،SUM ،PRODUCT، GAMMA در محیط ArcGIS ترکیب شدند. در نهایت با توجه به نتایج بدست آمده از 5 عملگر فازی، معیار دسترسی که بالاترین وزن را به خود اختصاص داده بود، برای یافتن مکان مناسب استقرار بیمارستان در اولویت قرار گرفت و مکان هایی مشخص شدند که در درجه اول کمترین فاصله را با راه ها و شریان های اصلی (دسترسی) جهت دسترسی سریع و آسان به مراکز بیمارستانی داشته و همچنین دسترسی به این مکان ها (مراکز بیمارستانی) در کوتاه ترین زمان انجام می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Optimal Hospital Location Using Combined Approach of GIS and ANP under Fuzzy Environment (Case Study in Arak City)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ehsanifar 1
  • Nima Hamta 2
  • Mahya Saghari 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Manufacturing Engineering), Arak University of Technology, Arak, Iran
3 MSc Graduate, Department of Industrial Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

Health-care applications are those types of uses that, in the event of inaccurate location, may lead to irreparable loss of life in addition to the economic and financial constraints. The geographical location is the main component of access to medical services. Therefore, the importance of optimal and suitable location for this type of user should be considered. In this paper, a compilation of GIS capabilities and an ANP model in a fuzzy environment was conducted to determine the optimal locations for the establishment of a hospital in Markazi province, Arak city. For this purpose, firstly, effective and suitable criteria for locating the hospital in view of the location is the geographic and geographical conditions of Arak, hospitals, experts, books and articles were selected and then weighed in fuzzy environment. Finally, the results obtained by fuzzy GIS in fuzzy mode were used by five fuzzy operators (AND, OR, SUM, PRODUCT, GAMMA) combined in ArcGIS. According to the results obtained from five fuzzy operators, the accessibility criterion, which had the highest weight, was prioritized in order to find the optimal location for the establishment of hospital, and the locations were identified with the least distance from main road/paths for quick and easy access in the shortest time to the hospitals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Location
  • Hospital
  • ANP
  • GIS
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Arak city
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