نوع مقاله : یادداشت فنی
1 باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اراک
2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی مکانیک، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Designing and studying the energy absorption behaviour is one of the important subjects in the industries. The thin-walled metal tube structures are one of the most widely used types of energy absorbers that have always been considered by researchers for predicting how to crushing behaviour and determine the amount of energy absorbed by them. A numerical study of crashworthiness design using to investigation of axial crushing behaviour of axisymmetric tubes is presented in this paper. First, a Finite Element (FE) model for material properties was constructed and validated by experimental data. Next, a model for the thin-walled tube under axial loading was adopted. The comparison between the FE results as well as the experimental results showed good agreements. The validated FE model was then used to investigate axisymmetric thin-walled tubes with different cross-section and parametric studies of best geometry under axial loading. Making a totally 7 different geometries and the collapse behaviour of the absorbent geometries then has been simulated. A comparison of energy absorption results and maximum crushing load between the different geometries show that conical tubes with shallow spherical caps are better than others. So, the parametric studies were carried out to determine the effect of different parameters such as the spherical region radius, semi-apical angle, thickness and foam density on crushing behaviour of this geometry. The outcomes of the study are new research information which will facilitate the design of axisymmetric thin-walled tubes as energy absorbers in crushing applications.