Maragakis, E.A. and Jennings, P.C. (1987). Analytical models for the rigid body motions of skew bridges. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 15(8), 923-944.
 Wakefield, R., Nazmy, A., and Billington, D. (1991). Analysis of seismic failure in skew RC bridge. Journal of Structural Engineering (ASCE). 117(3), 972–86.
 Meng, J.Y, and Lui, E.M. (2000). Seismic analysis and assessment of a skew highway bridge. Engineering Structure, 22(11), 1433-52.
 Mennasa, C., K.Mabsout, K. and Frederick,G. (2007). Influence of skew angle on Reinforced Concrete Slab Bridge. Journal of Bridge Engineering ( ASCE),12, 205-214.
 Dimitrakopoulos, E. G. (2011). Seismic response analysis of skew bridges with pounding deck–abutment joints. Engineering Structure, 33(3), 813–826.
 Kaviani, P., Zareian, F., and Taciroglu, E. (2012). Seismic behaviour of reinforced concrete bridges with skew-Angled Seat-Type Abutment. Engineering Structures, 45, 137- 150.
 NCHRP, Performance based seismic bridge design,(2013). A synthesis of Highway practice. National cooperative highway research program. Transportation Research Port, Washington, D.C.
 Singhal , A. and Kiremidjian, A. S.(2007) .A Method for Earthquake Motion-Damage Relationships with Application to Reinforced Concrete Frames Report NCEER-97-0008. State University of New York at Buffalo: National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NewYork.
 Erberik, M. A. and Elnashai, A. S. (2003). Seismic Vulnerability of Flat-slab Structures. Mid America Earthquake Center. Department Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL.
 Jeong, S., and Elnashai, A. (2007). Probabilistic Fragility Analysis Parameterized by Fundamental Response Quantities. Engineering Structures, 29, 1238-1251.
 HAZUS-MH MR1.(2003). Multi-hazard Loss Estimation Methodology Earthquake Model Technical Manual. National Institute of Building Science.
 Caltrans.(2012). Feasibility Studies for Improving Caltrans Bridge Fragility Relationships Final Report California Department of Transportation, Report No. CA12-1775.
 Nielson, B., and DesRoches, R. (2007). Seismic Fragility Methodology for Highway Bridges Using a Component Level Approach. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 36 (6), 823-839.
 Padgett, J. E., and DesRoches, R. (2008). Methodology for the Development of Fragility Curves for Retrofitted Bridges. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 37 (8), 1157-1174.
 Roblee, C., Sahs, S., Mahan, M., Yashinsky, M., Setberg, H. and Maintenance, C.(2011). Caltrans-Aligned Limit States Discussion. (J. Dukes, K. Ramanathan, R. DesRoches, & J. Padgett, Interviewers).
 Basoz, N., and Mander, J. B.(1999). Enhancement of the Lifeline Transportation Module in HAZUS, Report No. Draft N0.7, National Institute of Building Sciences, Washington, D.C.
 Banerjee, S.,and Shinozuka, M. (2007). Nonlinear Static Procedure for Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Bridges. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 22, 293-305.
 Fajfar, P. (2000). A Nonlinear Analysis Method for Performance Based Seismic Design. Earthquake Spectra, 573–592.
 Kim, S. H., and Shinozuka, M. (2004). Development of fragility curves of bridges retrofitted by column jacketing, Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 19, 105-112.
 Mackie, K., Wong, J. and Stojadinovic , B.(2008). Integrated Probabilistic Performance-Based Evaluation of Benchmark Reinforced Concrete Bridges, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of Berkley California.
Code 463,(2008).Road and Railway Bridges Seismic Resistant Design Code. Ministry of Roads and Transportation
Code139,(2000). Standard Loads for Bridge, Office of Deputy for Strategic Supervision Bureau of Technical Execution System Deputy of Training; Research and Information Technology.
Code 523, (2010). Guideline for Design and Practice of Base Isolation Systems in Buildings, Office of Deputy for Strategic Supervision Bureau of Technical Execution System.
Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N., and Park R. (1984). Theoretical Stress-Strain Model for Confined Concrete. Journal of Structural Engineering. ASCE, 114(3), 1804-1826.
 FEMA.-350, (2000). Recommended seismic design criteria for new steel moment-frame buildings, Prepared by SAC Joint Venture for Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C.
 FEMA-351,(2000). Recommended Seismic Evaluation and Upgrade Criteria for Existing Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings, prepared by the SAC Joint Venture for Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington D.C.
Vamvatiskos, D. and Cornell, C.A.(2002). Incremental Dynamic Analysis. Earthquake Engineering and Structural dynamics, 31, 491-514.
 Kwon, O. S., Elnashai, A. S. (2010). Fragility analysis of a highway over-crossing bridge with consideration of soil-structure interactions. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 6(1-2), 159-178.