Mechanical behavior of fiber reinforced cementitious composite thin- wall cylindrical shells under internal loading uniform

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering Department, Technical Faculty, University of Guilan., Rasht, Iran

2 M.Sc in Structural Engineering, University Campus, University of Guilan., Rasht, Iran.


With the advancement and development of the concrete industry, the construction of modern structures with high technical and economic efficiency is inevitable, that among which can be cited concrete shell structures. Concrete shell structures that often referred to as ’thin- wall shells’ are suitable structural elements for building spacious infrastructures facilities such as oil and water tanks, silos and etc. In this study, the mechanical behavior of fiber-reinforced cementitious composite thin-wall cylindrical shells under uniform hydrostatic loading has been studied. For this purpose, 36 small sized model of thin-walled cylindrical shells continuing 0%, 5%, 10% sf (partial cement replacement) and 0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5% glass fiber with w/c=0.38 were made and tested after 28 days of wet curing conditions. The compressive and flexural strengths of composite samples were tested to relating concrete strengths with the results of cylindrical shells. Results showed that, the use of silica fume has increased compressive and flexural strength up to 27% and 32%, respectively. Moreover, it also showed that the presence of fiber had no significant effect on compressive strength but increased flexural strength to 21%. In cylindrical shells the addition of sf has increased annular tensile strength to 10% and reduced a strains to28%. Furthermore, addition of 2.5% and 0.5% glass fiber has raised ultimate strain 7.4 times and annular tensile strength up to 37%, respectively.


Main Subjects


[1] Kang, S. T., Lee, Y., Park, Y. D., & Kim, J. K. (2010). Tensile fracture properties of an Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) with steel fiber. Composite Structures, 92(1), 61-71.
[2] Hannawi, K., Bian, H., Prince-Agbodjan, W., & Raghavan, B. (2016). Effect of different types of fibers on the microstructure and the mechanical behavior of Ultra-High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concretes. Composites Part B: Engineering, 86, 214-220.
[3] Hannawi, K., Bian, H., Prince-Agbodjan, W., & Raghavan, B. (2016). Effect of different types of fibers on the microstructure and the mechanical behavior of Ultra-High Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concretes. Composites Part B: Engineering, 86, 214-220.
[4] Tomlinson, D., & Fam, A. (2014). Experimental investigation of precast concrete insulated sandwich panels with glass fiber-reinforced polymer shear connectors. ACI Structural Journal, 111(3), 595.
[5] Shah, A. A., & Ribakov, Y. (2011). Recent trends in steel fibered high-strength concrete. Materials & Design, 32(8), 4122-4151.
[6] Kim, J., Kim, D. J., Park, S. H., & Zi, G. (2015). Investigating the flexural resistance of fiber reinforced cementitious composites under biaxial condition. Composite Structures, 122, 198-208.
[7] Tian, H., Zhang, Y. X., Ye, L., & Yang, C. (2015). Mechanical behaviours of green hybrid fibre-reinforced cementitious composites. Construction and Building Materials, 95, 152-163.
[8] Yoo, D. Y., Lee, J. H., & Yoon, Y. S. (2013). Effect of fiber content on mechanical and fracture properties of ultra high performance fiber reinforced cementitious composites. Composite Structures, 106, 742-753.
[9] Tassew, S. T., & Lubell, A. S. (2014). Mechanical properties of glass fiber reinforced ceramic concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 51, 215-224.
[10] Çavdar, A. A study on the effects of high temperature on mechanical properties of fiber reinforced cementitious composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 43(5), pp.2452-2463 (2012).
[11] Meleka, N. N., Safan, M. A., Bashandy, A. A., & Abd-Elrazek, A. S. (2013). Repairing and strengthening of elliptical paraboloid reinforced concrete shells with openings. Archives of Civil Engineering, 59(3), 401-420.
[12] Andres, M., & Harte, R. (2006). Buckling of concrete shells: a simplified numerical approach. Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures. IASS Publ, 47(3).
[13] Melaragno, M. (2012). An introduction to shell structures: The art and science of vaulting. Springer Science & Business Media.
[14] Kurrer, K. E. (2008). The history of the theory of structures: from arch analysis to computational mechanics. International Journal of Space Structures, 23(3), 193-197.
[15] Ter Maten, R. N. (2011). Ultra high performance concrete in large span shell structures (Doctoral dissertation, Master’s thesis, Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences. 47, 68).
[16] Mehta, H. C. (1976). Testing of thin shell concrete cones, no date.
[17] Billington, D. P., & Harris, H. G. (1981). Test methods for concrete shell buckling. Special Publication, 67, 187-231.
[18] Mathon, C., & Limam, A. (2006). Experimental collapse of thin cylindrical shells submitted to internal pressure and pure bending. Thin-Walled Structures, 44(1), 39-50.
[19] Chang, Z. T., Bradford, M. A., & Gilbert, R. I. (2011). Short-term behaviour of shallow thin-walled concrete dome under uniform external pressure. Thin-Walled Structures, 49(1), 112-120.
[20] Verwimp, E., Tysmans, T., Mollaert, M., & Berg, S. (2015). Experimental and numerical buckling analysis of a thin TRC dome. Thin-Walled Structures, 94, 89-97.
[21] De Bolster, E., Cuypers, H., Van Itterbeeck, P., Wastiels, J., & De Wilde, W. P. (2009). Use of hypar-shell structures with textile reinforced cement matrix composites in lightweight constructions. Composites Science and Technology, 69(9), 1341-1347.
[22] Fischer, G., Wang, S., Li, V.C. (2003). Design of engineered cementitious composites for processing and workability requirements. Seventh International Symposium on Brittle Matrix Composites, pp. 29-36. Warsaw, Poland.
[23] Abdellahi, S.B. and Hejazi, S.M., (2015). Effect of glass and polypropylene fibers in cementitious composites containing waste stone powder. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 45(1), 152-168.
[24] ACI 544.2R-99, "Measurement of Properties of Fiber Reinforced Concrete".
[25] Ventsel E., Krauthammer T., (2001) “Thin Plates and Shells: Theory, Analysis and Applications” Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, Basel.
[26] ASTM C109. (2016). Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars, West Conshohocken, PA.
[27] ASTM C348. (201). Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Hydraulic-Cement Mortars, West Conshohocken, PA.
[28] Marikunte, S., & Soroushian, P. (1995). Statistical evaluation of long-term durability characteristics of cellulose fiber reinforced cement composites. Materials Journal, 91(6), 607-616.
[29] Balaguru, P. N., & Shah, S. P. (1992). Fiber-reinforced cement composites.
[30] Sadd, M. H. (2009). Elasticity: theory, applications, and numerics. Academic Press.